Ghya-chaku Salhu known as Makar Sankranti /Maghe Sankranti/ Ghiu chaku khane Din/Makar Snan Arambha in various community along with Newar community.

Maghe Sankranti is referred to as ‘Ghuchaku Salhu’ in the Newar community. They combine sesame seeds with a Chaku-Molasses (Chaku is a Newari dish made with sugarcane Juice concentrate, Jaggery, Ghee, and Nuts. The mixture is heated until it takes on a solid form, then pulled on a hook like taffy and cut into small rolls, or it can be cooked in a shallow dish and cut into small diamond-shaped pieces.) to produce laddu, which they consume and donate. In Panauti, near Kathmandu Valley, This MAKAR MELA dates back to the reign of Lichhavi king Mandev.

The important enumerators of Vikram Samvat are  12 months4 Kratus12 Mashantas, and 12 Sakrantis. The days of the year, which begin with Baishakhe Sakranti and end with Chaitra Mashanta, are marked by a variety of Mashantas and Sakrantis.

Maghe Sakranti falls on the first day of the month of Magh, which is a significant mid-winter month. On day, the Sun moves from Sagittarius to Capricorn, and this day is known as Maghe Sakranti, Tiluwa Sakranti, Makar Sakranti, or Maghi, each having its unique cultural importance. Sesame is extremely important in Sanatan Saskar, whether it is for household chanting, as a Charu, or for worshiping and paying charity, or for any patriarchal and good activities. On day, it is known for sesame laddu, a particular meal produced by roasting sesame seeds and rubbing them in Sakhkar, which is why Maghe Sakranti is also known as Tiluwa Sakranti. On the other hand, we learned about the North Pole and the South Pole in geography class, which means that the direction of the Sun and the Earth is calculated and measured using the position of a nearly identical pole. Winter  climate level is expected to decrease from today’s levels, while summer temperatures will rise in tandem with the spring.

Maghe Sankranti is equally significant from a scientific standpoint. Foods consumed on this day are part of a well-balanced diet that boosts the body’s immunity. On this day, a festival honoring Deepankar Buddha is held at Tilmadhav Narayan Temple in Taumadhi Tole, Bhaktapur.

Similarly, the Tharu community celebrates this holiday as ‘Maghi’, ‘Makarsankarait’, ‘Maghesankarait’, or ‘Tilasankarait’ for five days with much fanfare and merriment. This day is celebrated by people from many communities in the Tarai region as the ‘Nahan’ bath festival. Despite the fact that several Tharu leaders and members of civil society have designated ‘Maghi’ as a New Year festival, Baisakh is the true start of the ‘New Year.’